wide usage of borax
Borax (sodium borate or sodium tetraborate) can be obtained both through industrial procedures, as well as in its natural form, which is in the deposits of evaporite sedimentary rocks.
Its trade name is "boron salt" and it is a sodium salt of boric acid, it belongs to the class of minerals called borates and can be recognized as a white crystal that dissolves easily on contact with water. Its properties are detoxifying as well as cleansing. Depending on the conditions, it can behave as a semiconductor (capable of conducting electricity) or it can function as an insulator. An ideal component when welding gold, silver, copper, brass and various non-ferrous metals. It is also used to enhance the action of bleaches, detergents and to remove odors.
Borax can be found in fabric softeners, disinfectants, cleaners, soaps, pesticides, and herbicides. It can also be used in the manufacture of glass, porcelain and enamels.
borax anhydrous used in fiberglass insulation
Borates are an important ingredient in fiberglass insulation, which represents the main use of borates worldwide. Fiberglass insulation is also known as mineral wool or glass wool.
Fiberglass is used for thermal and acoustic insulation, with great use in the thermal insulation of residential and commercial buildings. Here it plays an important role in reducing energy use and carbon dioxide emissions from the built environment.
In buildings, fiberglass insulation can be used in the form of fill blankets (rolls), batts (pre-cut slabs), or loose (blown wool). Smaller uses for fiberglass insulation include duct and pipe wrapping for refrigeration, heating, ventilation, and air conditioning systems.
Fiberglass produces insulation by trapping air within its mesh of fibers to reduce the rate of heat transfer.
The most important role of boron in glass fibers is that it increases the absorption of infrared radiation, which significantly increases the effectiveness of the insulation of the roll, or wool batt.
In fiberglass manufacturing, borates act as a powerful flux that lowers the melting temperature of glass batches. They also control the relationship between temperature, melt viscosity and glass fiber formation surface tension to optimize the process. The end result is short, strong fibers that are bio-soluble (dissolves in the lung if inhaled during installation), and resistant to water and chemical attack.
borate chemicals for industry usage
Many different forms of boron are used to produce laundry detergents, household or industrial cleaners, and personal care products.
In these applications, the unique properties of borates serve to improve stain and discoloration removal, stabilize enzymes, provide an alkaline buffer, soften water, and increase surfactant performance. They also serve to control bacteria and fungi in personal care products, due to their fungicidal action.
In soaps, they remarkably improve the cleaning action and the reduction of the levels of dirt rearrangement, giving rise to clean and shiny clothes.
Potassium Fluoroborate KBF4
Potassium Fluoroborate (KBF4) is a white crystalline salt material. It is offered in granular and fine powder. KBF4 is a key ingredient in grain refining salts for aluminum and can be used separately or combined with Potassium Titanium Fluoride (K2TiF6) to form a grain refining flux.
KBF4 is used as a binder/filler in abrasive products. It has a melt point that is ideal for use in grinding wheels and other abrasives where baking of the product is involved. In the semi-solid state it, in effect, glues the various grits together providing a matrix for the particle.
KBF4 is a key ingredient in “boronizing” steel. This hard-faced steel is used in applications in which wear resistance is important, such as in oil and gas fields, drilling equipment, and more. KBF4 is a common ingredient in refractories that are pressed or formed into complex shapes for the nonferrous casting industry. These shapes include spouts, baffles, and other parts used in foundries.
Uses of Boric Acid
Boric acid is a weak acid that is made up of boron, hydrogen and oxygen. It is a solid white crystal substance at room temperature and can be dissolved in water. Boric acid can be found in nature in some areas of volcanic activity as well as in seawater, plants and fruits. It was first prepared by Dutch scientist Wilhelm Homberg from borax, but was known and used in Ancient Greece for a variety of purposes. Most boric acid made today is prepared by reacting borax with a mineral acid (usually hydrochloric acid). It is a relatively safe acid and it is used for a variety of applications.
Uses of boric acid
Boric acid has many uses in the medical industry. It is used as an antiseptic for minor cuts and burns and it is sometimes added to dressings. It can also be used to treat certain bacterial and fungal infections, such as acne and athlete’s foot. Overuse can cause a build up in the system and be toxic, especially for infants and small children.
Boric acid is a popular insecticide and can be used to kill a verity of household pests such as ants, termites, fleas, cockroaches, silverfish and many other small insects. It kills the insects by disturbing their metabolism and is abrasive to their exoskeletons.
Boric acid is used to treat wood to prevent termites and to prevent wet and dry rot. It is also combined with ethylene glycol to treat external wood against fungal infections or insects. Boric acid gel and paste can also be used to insert into rotting timber to treat it instead of replacing it. Boric acid based treatments can be used to prevent slime and algae growth.
Boric acid, together with common salt, is used in the curing process from sheepskins, calfskins and cattle hides. It helps to stop bacteria from growing on the hides and controls insects.
Boric acid, together with petroleum or vegetable oil, is a very suitable lubricant for metal or ceramic surfaces.
Boric acid is used as a neutron poison to slow down the rate of fission in nuclear power plants. Boric acid was dumped on the reactor at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant after meltdown to prevent any further reactions!
Boric acid is used in the production of textile fiberglass and in the production of certain types of furnace linings and ceramics.
It is used in the jewelry industry to reduce unwanted marking from occurring on the metals during construction.
Boric acid can be used to make fire green, which is the method used by fire jugglers and spinners. It can also be used in fireworks to prevent a reaction between aluminum and nitrates.
It also has many other uses such as: in the production of LCD displays, in the manufacture of Silly Putty, neutralizing hydrofluoric acid, a fire retardant for wood, electroplating and many more.
New uses for Mica
Mica is a general term used to describe a series of silicate minerals that are characterize dphysically
by a perfect basal cleavage and yield with ease thin, tough laminas. Commercially, the two most widely
used micas in the electrical industry are the muscovite and phlogopite types. These are important
because of their high dielectric strength, thin laminas, high resistance to heat, flexibility,
and low unit cost.
Our products is synthetic mica made by internal heating method .
Fluorion mica is also called synthetic fluorocarbon mica.It is made of chemical raw materials with high temperature melt cooling and crystallization, and its single chip is KMg3(AlSi3O10) F2, which belongs to monoclinic crystal system, and is typical layered silicate.
It is better than the natural mica, many performance such as heat resistance up to 1500 ℃ above, under the condition of high temperature, synthesis of fluorine phlogopite volume resistivity more than 1000 times the natural mica, good electrical insulation, high temperature vacuum degassing is extremely low, and the resistance to acid and alkali, transparent, can be divided into strip and the elastic characteristics,
is motor, electric appliance, electronics, aerospace and other modern industrial important non-metallic insulation materials and high technology.
A typical Belousov-Zhabotinsky pattern of concentric circles, observed in this case in polymer-controlled crystallisation and self-organisation from barium carbonate.
A typical Belousov-Zhabotinsky pattern of concentric circles, observed in this case in
polymer-controlled crystallisation and self-organisation from barium carbonate. The
structures are similar to a computer-simulated pattern (smaller circle, upper right). The
block copolymer used appears in the picture as a shortened molecule structure.
In order to survive, biological systems need to form patterns and organise
themselves. Scientists at the Max Planck Institute for Colloids and Interfaces in
Potsdam, Germany, have now combined self-organisation with chemical pattern
formation.They coupled an oscillating chemical reaction with polymer-controlled
crystallisation and self-organisation in barium carbonate. In this way, they proved that
oscillating reactions - like the renowned Belousov-Zhabotinsky reaction - can also take
place in multi-phase systems.
On basis of these results, scientists can better explain chemical reactions which are
out of thermodynamic balance, as well as biological pattern formation in nature.
Furthermore, these results could lead to the creation of surfaces with new kinds of
structures (Angewandte Chemie, June 21, 2006).
Scientists are especially interested in oscillating chemical reactions. These occur when
reaction products periodically and repeatedly change. Their behaviour is of importance
to many fields of study - including chaos research. That is because these reaction
systems are always complex and far away from thermodynamic equilibrium. One
particularly well-known example is the "Belousov-Zhabotinsky" reaction. In it, a
coloured indicator is used to make the reaction products of a coupled redox reaction
visible. They typically take on the pattern of concentric circles, spreading out, for
example, across a petri dish.
Mathematically, spatially oscillating reactions can be described as "reaction-diffusion
systems". This means that it is not just chemical reactions which influence the amount
of material at a certain point in space. Diffusion also plays a role - the exchange of
material with the surrounding area. In such simulations, we get the typical concentric
circle pattern of a Belousov-Zhabotinsky reaction. In the picture above, it is indicated in
Researchers from Potsdam have now proven that these oscillating reactions can
also apply to multi-phase systems, and even to the self-organisation processes of
nanoparticles. What is central is that in a multi-phase reaction system, it is possible to
formulate either an autocatalyic or autoinhibiting reaction step. This leads an oscillating
system to be constructed, and ultimately a pattern to be formed.
The researchers used a newly synthesized polymer to create the typical concentric
circle pattern, via controlled barium carbonate crystallisation (see image). Such
patterns correspond quite well to the calculations in a simulation. The researchers also
were able to formulate a complex coupled reaction system including crystallisation,
complexation, and precipitation reactions and identify the autocatalytic formation of a
complex between barium and the polymer.
Notably, the elongated crystalline structures which made up the circular pattern are
themselves created by superstructures of nanoparticles, which are themselves created
by self-organisation (see image). In this way, Max Planck researchers have shown for
the first time that the Belousov-Zhabotinsky reaction does not just take place in a
solution, but also in multi-phase systems, and in nanoparticle self-organisation. This
discovery is not only important to research into reactions far away from thermodynamic
equilibrium. It can also help explain biological pattern formation. One example of
biological self-organisation is mussel shell patterns. They are created via controlled
crystallisation, just like the model systems of the researchers in Potsdam used.
Interestingly, these patterns also mathematically duplicate reaction-diffusion systems